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Male Circumcision: What is it? What does it do?
Male circumcision is a surgical operation to excise the foreskin of the male sexual organ. The foreskin usually covers fifty percent (sometimes more) of the mobile skin system of the penis and covers the glans (the head).
Male circumcision is also referred to as penile reduction surgery, an appropriate title, as the surgery does in fact reduce the length and circumference of the adult male penis. Another appropriate synonym is foreskin amputation.
Circumcision is NOT synonymous to a cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic procedures modify the appearance, and not the function, of the body part. (After a rhinoplasty, the appearance of the nose is altered, but the functionality that the nose serves remains unchanged).
The Merriam-Webster dictionary (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mutilate) defines the verb, “to mutilate” as: (1) to cut up or alter radically so as to make imperfect; or (2) to cut off or permanently destroy a limb or essential part of. The term mutilation should be applied to male circumcision, recognizing it as male genital mutilation.
Penile reduction surgery, or male circumcision, removes key components of male sexual anatomy and sexual function. (This will be explained in A Closer Look at the Foreskin.)
See the article, “What Happens During a Circumcision?” for a step-by-step guide through the process: http://www.cirp.org/library/procedure/plastibell/